By National Gardening Association Editors. This simplifies marketing and buying for produce managers and customers. The fruit fully ripens in June and July, and makes for an excellent prune when dried. This attractive, good-tasting plum ripens in mid to second part of September. hardy, but some varieties do well in mild-winter areas. Feb 24, 2019 - California Plum Varieties. Widely adapted, reliably prolific, more compact, and less demanding than most fruit trees, plums are a natural choice for the home grower. A grafted combination of two Plum varieties, the 2-in-1 Cherry Plum/Sprite Delight tree is an independent cross-pollinator and produces a combination of sweet and tangy fruits. A plum is a fruit of the subgenus Prunus of the genus Prunus. Plums are a type of stone fruit, which also includes peaches, nectarines, apricots, and cherries. Created by Luther Burbank, the Santa Rosa Plum tree produces large, juicy purple-ish plums that are exceptionally flavorful and feature a smooth pulp. When the tart fruit is married with sugar, it produces the sweet-tart taste Eastern Europeans are famous for, and damsons are the only plum to use for slivovitz making. These varieties are divided into two main categories: Japanese and European. The subgenus is distinguished from other subgenera (peaches, cherries, bird cherries, etc.) Our fruit trees are shipped to Melbourne, Adelaide, Sydney and most Australian states and towns. One of the most popular varieties in California, the Satsuma Plum tree yields large, oval fruit that ripens in early August. This section is intended for collectors or enthusiasts looking for rare or special varieties. Many varieties exist including Green Gages, Damsons, Plums and Italian Prunes. Most plum varieties are self- incompatible (the flowers cannot receive pollen on its own to produce fruit) and require appropriate pollinators for rel… Taste Test Winner: varieties that have made the highest overall scores at Dave Wilson Nursery fruit tastings. Plums grow vigorously and will usually start … The Shiro is a Japanese type plum favored by California growers. Plum trees (Prunus sp. The flesh is rather dry and very sweet. The flesh is beet red. Plum trees are one of the best-adapted fruit tree species for almost anywhere in California. Vera DeVaney has been writing professionally since 1978 and also teaches creative writing. 300 hours. Fruit Report - California Varieties. Other varieties of plums are extremely sweet with dark purple skin and amber-colored flesh. The Mirabelle is a small European-type plum. These varieties are divided into two main categories: Japanese and European. Maria Finn July 3, 2012. Low Chill Plum Varieties: These plum varieties are adapted to the low latitudes of Southern California because they have low winter chilling requirements. All Japanese plum produced in California are sold for fresh market consumption. Japanese Plums . There a several varieties of black plums. Both are great for jam and jelly recipies, and can be infused into a deliciously flavored cocktail. All varieties are self-pollinating, except for those noted. Plums are delicious cooked in jams, jellies, butters, sauces; baked in pies and coffee cakes; dried as prunes; or - … Freestone. California produces over 90 percent of all plums grown in the United States. Most commercially grown varieties are derived from either Japanese or Asian plums (P. salicina and its interspecific hybrids) or European plums (P. domestica). Its fruit is very sweet, red skinned and yellow flesh that … The plum, a member of the rose family, originated in China, but … This semi-dwarf tree only grows 8 – 10 feet high and ripens in late-July. All varieties are self-pollinating, except for those noted. The Greengage is a juicy, dessert fruit. Black Knot-Resistant Plum Varieties. It is sweeter than the Santa Rosa and is ideal for growing in the coastal climates of Southern California! These plum trees will … Plum trees are one of the easiest stone fruit trees to grow, versatile and coming in a huge number of varieties you can choose white, yellow or red flesh as well as plum trees that suited to eating, drying or cooking. The following is a list of plum and plum-hybrid varieties recommended for growing in the Santa Cruz and Monterey Bay areas by various members of the Monterey Bay Chapter of the California Rare Fruit Growers, along with their approximate ripening dates. Some varieties are self pollinating others are not so be a little careful when selecting. Two species of plum are grown in California for fresh market consumption, Japanese plum (Prunus salicina) and European plum (Prunus domestica). It is dark blue-black and nearly round, similar to many California dessert plums. Pollenizers for Japanese plums . About 20 varieties dominate the commercial supply of plums, and most originated in either Asia or Europe. Only 2-3% of European plums* are sold as “sugar plums” for fresh markets, and the rest are dried as prunes (Day and Buchner 2012). They are easy to grow. The Mirabelle is also a favorite in California. Prunus Posted by Toni. It is said to have a superior ripe flavor to the more common varieties in its … DWN Top 100: the 100 best-selling DWN fruit varieties for retail nurseries, including many of the most well-proven varieties. Most plum trees thrive in loamy, well-drained soils that receive partial to full sun. Its flesh is rich, dense and crisp. Above: Since my first sighting, I’ve started spotting them all over my Northern California … Print. Explore wholesale price data of "Tomato / Plum Varieties - Roma (Heirloom) (TOMATOES, PLUM TYPE / ROMA / large / Origin: CALIFORNIA SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA COAST)" in United States Here are some varieties of plums you’re likely to find in markets: California French plums (d’Agen): These small, meaty European-style plums are descendants of the Frenchpruneaux d’Agen, which are used in France to make prunes. Plums show great diversity of color, form, size, taste and use. All are fine for eating but the European prune types are also well suited to cooking. According to the University of California Davis, approximately 250 varieties of plums grow here. Choosing a Plum Tree. Plum breeding in California has been ongoing since World War II. Considered one of the finest dessert plum varieties, they were original imported into England from France in 1724 by Sir William Gage, their namesake. Red plum varieties have bright red skin. The plum, a member of the rose family, originated in China, but was domesticated in Japan about 400 years ago to become the Japanese variety we know today. Plum Varieties. OTHER VARIETIES. Its slightly soft flesh is amber tinged with red. With its semi-dwarf rootstock, this tree will reach 10 – 12 feet in height – perfect for smaller areas with easy-to-pick fruit! Prunes from these plums are the sweetest and easiest to dry. Plum breeding in California has been ongoing since World War II. A tart fruit, it is better for cooking and preserving than to eat out of hand. Both are round, firm-fle… Both varieties are suited for USDA zones 5 through 9. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! The Friar is an older but still popular black plum. University of California. Pollenized by Santa Rosa or Beauty. Plums are easy fruit trees to grow, yielding abundant fruit in a wide variety of sizes, degrees of sweetness and ripening times. Shiro Plum-WHERE TO BUY THIS VARIETY-Medium size greenish-yellow fruit is juicy and moderately sweet with a pleasing … Most commercialJapanese plum varieties grown in California are either totally or partially self-unfruitful Damson plums - The damason, damson plum or "damascene" (Prunus domestica ssp. There are two main commercial types of plums: the European plum (Prunus domestica) and the Japanese plum (Prunus salicina), each having many varieties. A graceful weeping version of the popular Santa Rosa plum. Most varieties of plums come in a wide range of skin colors and commonly boast utterly juicy red or yellow flesh. Early settl… The greengage plum is one of the few green varieties of plums when they are ripe. She was a feature writer for the "Lomita News" and served in the editorial department of "The Desert Sun" in Palm Springs, Calif. DeVaney holds a Bachelor of Arts in journalism from California State University Long Beach. There a several varieties of black plums. The skin is tart and balances out the sweet fruit. This newer variety of the European (French) plum is far superior to other prune-plums. Plums can be divided into two major groups: Japanese plums and European plums. Plum trees get relatively large and require 12–18 ft. spacing. There are two different kinds of plums: Japanese, Prunus salicina, and European, Prunus domestica. Other yellow plums include the Early Golden -- an extremely sweet and juicy variety -- the Golden Nectar and the Mirabelle. Plums Grow with USask gardening.usask.ca There are three main species of plum trees that can be grown in our prairie climate. California breeders have developed a series of similar appearing plum varieties sold under a trademark, such as the ‘Black Diamond’ and ‘Black Giant’ series. It occupies 98 percent of the total dried-plum acreage in the state. European plums are the blue plums, including prunes, with firm flesh, that mature late in the summer. When ripe, these plums … 'Seneca' plum is another good European variety with very large, sweet, dessert-type plums that are also useful for canning. When fully ripe, the Friar is a deep black in color. The Japanese plum, probably originating in China, was introduced into the United States in 1870. Customers can come back to the store and buy a similar looking piece of fruit, … In California, plums are an important fresh fruit crop. The Damson's origin is the Black Sea area. The plums are small and round and have a delicious honey-sweet taste. According to the University of California Davis, approximately 250 varieties of plums grow here. This Plum comes in such a variety of colors, shapes, sizes and flavors. The Shiro is a Japanese type plum favored by California growers. Flowering trees are major features in any garden, bringing color and interest at key times of the year, usually spring, although there are many trees that flower in other seasons.These trees, with their colorful blooms, become eagerly awaited highlights of the garden, and they are important features in every successful garden. He named the plum in honor of his gardens in Santa Rosa, California. Plum trees do quite well in most Southern California growing regions, with the exception of the immediate coastal and low desert areas. This attractive, good-tasting plum ripens in mid to second part of September. The Early Golden variety (freestone) is Ontario's most popular yellow plum, followed closely by the Shiro (semi-freestone). Among them are the Friar, the Black Beauty and the Black Splendor. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. According to researchers at University of California at Davis, a new cultivar, the Honey Sweet, is even more disease resistant, and very sweet, but it is a fresh-market plum, not suitable for California dried-plum production. The skin is purple-black when ripe. A grafted combination of two Plum varieties, the 2-in-1 Cherry Plum… Some plum tree varieties perform well in U.S. Department of Agriculture Hardiness Zones 5 to 8. The most familiar and popular is Santa Rosa with its tart purple skin and sweet, juicy, amber flesh.The tree is usually very productive and, if the plums are picked when still firm, they are more useful for cooking and baking. A shiny, ruby red plum, the Santa Rosa makes up 30 percent of the country's total plum crop. Their mottled maroon-over-green skin and dark, meaty flesh make for a sweet, mild treat that has no tartness and is excellent for making jam. These varieties are divided into two main categories: Japanese and European. Luther Burbank developed this superior plum in 1906 from new Japanese cultivars. Plum acreage has remained fairly stable through its history in California, averaging some 30,000 bearing acres [8]. Some, like the Santa Rosa, have amber flesh, while others, like Simcas, have bright red flesh that matches the skins. I picked one up and smelled it. The University of California, the USDA, and private breeders like John Garabedian and Floyd Zaiger have all contributed to popular plum varieties in California (Okie and Ramming 1999). Damson Okanagan plum varieties have a very strong tart taste and are not good for fresh eating, but they are the most common plum types used for making plum jam, jellies, syrups, and different plum preserves. Edible Ornamental: varieties having both tasty fruit and especially attractive tree, foliage, bloom or long-hanging fruit characteristics. He noted that the firm’s Emerald Beaut and Berry Cherry plums “flew off the shelf” with their similar high Brix profiles. The juicy flesh has a firm texture that is common with many European plums. This bulletin offers information about plum production, pruning, thinning, fertilization, and variety selection in the home garden. Most plums, but not all, require cross-pollination to set adequate crops; plan to plant two different varieties. ), fruiting plants that belong to the rose family (Rosaceae), naturally occur in Asian countries. The fruit is more pointed at the apex than that of the common European plum, and its varieties are yellow or light red but never purplish-blue. They were the size of cherries, but it was too late in the summer for cherry season. Although no type of plum tree (Prunus sp.) Plums belong to the Prunus genus and consists of many species of different origins and diverse fruit types. Harvest late July. Plums … This simplifies marketing and buying for produce managers and customers. Valton Is a zone 3 vigorous and very productive plum tree. When it reaches maturity it can grow 15 feet tall, it needs full sun and is ready for harvesting in early September. Damsons plum. By National Gardening Association Editors. The small fruit with a slight reddish blush is popular for making eau-de-vie in France. A fairly new variety, the Black Splendor is big, sweet and very juicy. According to the University of California Davis, approximately 250 varieties of plums grow here. A couple of proprietary plum varieties helped The Flavor Tree Fruit Co. LLC make quite a splash in the California stone fruit deal last year, according to Maurice Cameron, who is in charge of global sales for the Hanford, CA, company. Dried plums, or prunes, are made from the varieties that are richest in sugar and solids. A plum is a fruit of the subgenus Prunus of the genus Prunus. All Rights Reserved. Plum trees get relatively large and require 12–18 ft. spacing. Also known as Prunus salicina, Japanese plums … With a rich, pleasing flavor and beautiful weeping branches, this is a great pick for any backyard. Flowering Plum Trees. These varieties are divided into two main categories: Japanese and European. Tree fruit varieties offered by Dave Wilson Nursery are selected for their appearance, firmness, good shipping characteristics and desirable flesh quality. We ship our trees and plants fast, so Plum Trees of your own are just a click away. “Out of California, some varieties did not have good pollination at bloom time,” says Ken Barbic Sr. of The Fresh Connection LLC in ... North America sees tight plum supplies. John encourages potential plum growers to do their homework and find out which varieties best suit their tastebuds and climates. Plum trees are delicious, summer fruiting plants that are delightful for fresh eating and with some varieties, drying as Prunes. The Green Gage Plum tree, also known as the “Jefferson Plum,” produces medium-sized, greenish-yellow fruit that is notably sweet and juicy. Mottled maroon over green skin, dark red meaty flesh. Size Price; 1-2 Feet: $35.00: 2-3 Feet: $40.00: 3-5 Feet: $45.00: Details >> Plant a set of 3 plum trees - Zone 4 . According to Jim Kratz at Tuscola Conservation District's U. S. Department of Agriculture Service Center, the Shiro plum is one of the best plums available. Highly regarded old variety Pollinate with any other European Plum Originating from South Africa, the beautifully ornamental Kaffir Plum tree produces a small, red fruit with thin skin and a pleasantly sour flesh that makes it ideal for jams, jellies and preserves. Widely adapted, reliably prolific, more compact, and less demanding than most fruit trees, plums are a natural choice for the home grower. Both yellow and red are descended from Japanese plums; the blue plums and blue prunes are forms of European plums. Plum trees. There are three major categories of plum trees: European, Japanese, and American hybrids. Photographs by Marla Aufmuth, for Gardenista. It pollinates the early plum varieties as well as the latest plum varieties! Some of the types of plums include: Moyer plum. It has black skin with a hint of mahogany at the shoulders. Space plums only 8-12 ft apart for good pollination prospects. This common plum has sweet taste. Depending on the greengage plum cultivar, the green skin can have hints of red blushing or yellow on it. Chums Are Cherry-Plum trees. Elephant Heart plum. California breeders have developed a series of similar appearing plum varieties sold under a trademark, such as the ‘Black Diamond’ and ‘Black Giant’ series. insititia, or sometimes known as Prunus insititia), have a relatively small plum fruit with a distinctive somewhat astringent taste.They are widely used for culinary purposes especially in jam or fruit preserves. Its skin is smooth and shiny. 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The mirabelle and juicier fruit than European varieties are divided into two main categories: Japanese European! Having both tasty fruit and especially attractive tree, foliage, bloom or long-hanging fruit characteristics superior ripe flavor the! Always grown strictly for the fresh market consumption amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, RF...